The Tribunal Chair assigns hearings to Vice-Chairs to decide matters under the Act (Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, section 174 (2)). Vice-Chairs decide most cases.
If the Tribunal Chair considers it appropriate in the circumstances, the Chair may assign a Panel to hear a matter. The Panel shall consist of a Vice-Chair, a Member representing workers and a Member representing employers. (Section 174(3) of the Act)
The Tribunal Chair may also hear cases, either sitting alone or as the Chair of a Panel.
In deciding whether to assign a Panel, the Tribunal Chair gives particular consideration to whether the case involves:
- medical/scientific issues which have important implications for the workplace insurance system
- novel legal interpretations, particularly under new legislation
- significant credibility findings which require a “jury-like” determination
- issues where Tribunal case law is still developing and a need exists for a particularly well-reasoned decision reflecting both employer and worker perspectives
- new hearing techniques or procedures; and/or
- significant financial consequences for the Insurance Fund, particularly where only one party is participating.
Requests for Panel Assignments
If an appellant wants to ask for a Panel to hear his or her appeal or application, s/he should make a written request at least 8 weeks prior to the hearing date. The request must contain reasons and should consider the factors in Practice Direction: Hearing Assignments, section 3.1.
The appellant must send the request to the Appeals Administrator and send a copy of the request to all parties participating in the hearing.
The Tribunal Chair will review the request and make a decision. The Appeals Administrator will advise the parties in writing of the Tribunal Chair’s decision.
If an appellant has not requested that a Panel hear his or her appeal or application, s/he may learn whether a Panel or Vice-Chair has been assigned by contacting the Tribunal within 4 weeks of the scheduled hearing. The Tribunal will not disclose the identity of the Panel or Vice-Chair before the hearing unless the Panel or Vice-Chair has made a pre-hearing ruling.
Occasionally unforeseen circumstances may prevent a Member from appearing at a hearing. After considering the parties’ views, the Tribunal Chair may authorize the Vice Chair to proceed to hear the matter alone.
A request for a Panel should not be made at the hearing. The Act does not give a Vice-Chair the authority to grant such a request.